Wood router and trimmer is a form of power tool majorly used in routing and woodworking applications. Usually, it comes with a variable speed motor option for speed control to deliver constant speed under load condition. It is the high-speed rotary tool with a collet at the end of the motor shaft. The shaft is connected to various router bits with the motor. One of its primary functions is to make a hollow area in a sturdy material such as timber and plastic. This machine is suitable for cabinetry domain, trimming laminates and carpentry. In case you are a beginner in performing the woodworking task, then this is the right piece of information for you!
Important tips for using Wood Router and Trimmer safely:
- Clampdown work-piece securely - If you are using the router freehand, it is important to place the work-piece in a secure position on the bench. It is generally recommended to put the friction mat over the table/bench before clamping the job to prevent the unnecessary shifting of the work-piece. If the routing boards too narrow down to clamp, users can add bench dogs with an end vise on a bench to hold the strip properly.
- Protect your hands - It is very crucial to keep your hands and fingers reasonably away from the bit. Never use the hands over the work-piece while performing the freehand routing. It is suggested to fit the table with a guard that covers the area immediately above the bit. A push stick or push block is useful to use with the smaller work-piece to help keeping the hands safe from harmful effects.
- Turn off the router before making adjustments - It is a big no for making any adjustments with the router machine plugged ON. It is very important to remove the plug while changing the bits, servicing the machine or mounting an attachment. Always ensure the router’s on/off switch is off before plugging it in the switchboard. Also, confirm the router’s collet and attachment is properly fitted before turning on the machine.
- Fit the bit correctly - Before using the bit, examine if any damage or visible dullness is there. Bit should be in proper shape, and then you can insert it in the collet portion. It is essential to pull it out roughly 1/16th in. As, if the bit is inserted fully inside, there is a chance of the bit to loosen while routing. It is not suggested to use carving burrs, grinding points or drill bits even if they have 1/4 in. or 1/2 in. in shanks.
- Safety gear is a must - While performing the routing, users can experience loud noise and clouds of fine dust. Thus, it is necessary to wear safety eye, ears and dust protection during routing tasks. Users can also connect the router to a dust vacuum for collection of dust particles. If possible, avoid using loose-fitting clothes and jewelry that can fall accidentally over the bit or interrupt the routing process.
- Safe start and stop cutting - It is dangerous to start a router with a bit in contact with the work-piece. As, it may bend the bit’s shank or even damage the router. After finishing the cut, ensure the bit has completed the routing and then switch off the router. In the case of freehand working, let the bit stop spinning before you place the router down.
- Perform in a correct direction - It is suggested to apply the reverse rotational force of the bit on the work-piece. Suppose the feeding of the work-piece is done in the direction of bit's rotation, there is a chance of losing control of the router or work-piece. Also, it is suggested to feed the router from left to right. It is because the blade of the cutter makes contact with wood that is to be cut.
- Draw a light cut - It is risky to perform a heavy cut during a single deep cutting. The lighter cuts help in reducing the bit’s cutting depth and gradually eases the cut of full depth. While routing an edge profile with a router table, the user needs to make the first pass slightly beyond the fence. Later move the fence back a little for following passes.
- Avoid forcing the router - Never force the router on work piece during the cut. If there is more pressure needed reset the bit for performing the lighter cut. As, if you push the router through the timber, it will burn the wood due to over-heating of the blade caused by implied force. In case the router scorches the wood, it signifies that the bit has become dull and needs sharpening or replacement. Also, if you find any unusual noise or vibration, it is suggested to stop using the router and examine for bit damage.
- Release the plunge lock - It is necessary to release the plunge lock to preserve the routing heads. Also, it is expensive to replace this routing head, and any mark on the cutting blade will be transferred to the next piece when cutting is done.
- Clean off the dust from the router - It is crucial to remove dirt and debris from the machine after using it. As, these moving and sliding parts can soon be accumulated and cause difficulties for the router to work smoothly.
Hope the above article proves to be a valuable forte for your upcoming woodworking applications. Try to inculcate these safety tips in your regular routing and trimming projects to avoid hazardous fatalities. Also, you can now purchase the high quality wood router and trimmer online of various best brands.